Being able to identify these herbs and bitters was a skill from bygone eras, but it still has application for human immune systems today. Below are brief descriptions and pictures of the two categories of flowering plants, and why it's important to make these distinctions.
When a seedling germinates and breaks through the soil, the cotyledons are the first things to appear. They represent a significant feature of the embryo in the seed. Plants with only one cotyledon are called monocotyledon plants. Other characteristics of monocotyledon plants are structures appearing in multiples of threes. They can have three, six or nine petals. They also have adventitious roots meaning that these roots can grow from almost any part of the plant that comes into contact with the soil, such as the stem. In addition, close examination of the leaves of a monocotyledon plant will reveal that the veins are always parallel.
Dicots have two cotyledons. The veins of the leaves are in a network (not parallel). The flowers come in multiples of four or five petals. The seeds of dicots come in many different shapes and sizes. When germination occurs, two embryonic leaves sprout.
Herbs and plant bitters can have very powerful effects in our bodies. Understanding how to utilize and apply appropriate herbs and plant bitters in our diet can prove to be very important for supporting the human body’s need for sugar nutrients. Knowing the differences between monocots and dicots helps us identify the plants that contain nutritional sugars. Properly harvesting these plants in nature can be critical for supporting the immune system.
Understanding the eight sugars surrounding every single cell within the body constitutes the study of nutritional glycobiology. For more information on these sugars, see my book here.